Today, a revolution in cellular network has been set in motion toward 5G. One of the key techniques for 5G is massive multiple-input multiple-output (m-MIMO) technology to achieve multiple orders of spectral and energy efficiency gains over current LTE networks. M-MIMO is a system where a base station (BS) with a large number of antennas simultaneously serve many user terminal, each having a single antenna, in the same time-frequency resource. Channel estimation is crucial for M-MIMO systems to provide significant improvement in spectral and energy efficiency. In uplink training the user sends orthogonal pilot signals that are known to the BS then the BS estimates the channel. In this paper, we study several channel estimation techniques in multi-cell massive MIMO time division duplex (TDD) systems. Simulations were performed for several channel estimation techniques in order to identify the best spectral efficiency.
Spectral Efficiency, Channel Estimation Techniques, Massive MIMO TDD, time-frequency resource.
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TẠP CHÍ KHOA HỌC VÀ CÔNG NGHỆ Giấy phép số37/GP-BTTTT (15/01/2021) Giấy phép sửa đổi, bổ sung số140/GP-BTTTT (05/3/2021) Đơn vị cấp phép:Bộ Thông tin và Truyền thông Cơ quan chủ quản:Trường Đại học Bách Khoa Hà Nội Phó tổng biên tập phụ trách:GS. Đinh Văn Phong